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DC and HT Rate History

 

Overview: In 1948, the Damage Controlman (DC) rating was established as a result of the consolidation of the Specialist (F) (Fire Fighters), Carpenter's Mate, Carpenter's Mate (SR) (Joiners), Carpenter's Mate (SR) (Builders), and Painter ratings. Additionally, in 1954, the Chemical Warfareman rating was disestablished and its responsibilities included in the DC rating.

DC's do the work necessary for damage control, ship stability, firefighting, fire prevention, and chemical, biological and radiological (CBR) warfare defense. They also instruct personnel in the methods of damage control and CBR defense, and repair damage control equipment and systems.

The Hull Maintenance Technician (HT) rating's lineage stems from the Shipfitter rating that was established in 1921; branched off to the Metalsmith and Pipefitter ratings in 1948, then re-established to Shipfitter from the Metalsmith and Pipefitter ratings in 1958, later to become the rating of today.

Hull Maintenance Technicians do the metal work necessary to keep all types of shipboard structures and surfaces in good condition. They also maintain shipboard plumbing and marine sanitation systems, repair small boats, operate and maintain ballast control systems, and manage the Quality Assurance Program.

During the 1960s-1980s Treasure Island was used by the U.S. Navy for shipboard fire fighting and damage control training for Hull Maintenance Technicians and other sailors. Treasure Island housed the "USS Buttercup" (in Bldg. 341 on Avenue M and 4th Street) which was a static damage control trainer that was used for real time shipboard battle damage repair and control. The Auxiliary Air Facility airfield was limited to helicopter landing pad use at Naval Airship Square on the East side of Hangar/Bldg. 3 near the Naval firehouse at Bldg. 111.

Additionally, the Hull Maintenance Technician Training School Phase "A" was trained at Treasure Island for Nuclear, Biological, Radiological and Chemical Warfare Training as part of their phase "A" and phase "B" training. In 1996, Treasure Island was decommissioned.

 
For more detailed information see below:

DETALED HISTORY OF THE DAMAGE CONTROLMAN AND HULL MAINTENANCE TECHNITION RATES

DAMAGE CONTROLMAN:

Carpenter's Mate - Established 1797; pay grades established 1893; changed to Damage Controlman 1948

Painter - Established 1846; changed to Painter 2c 1864. Re-established from Painter 1c 1884; included in Painter 2c or 3c in 1902; included in Damage Controlman 1948.


Painter 1c - Changed from Painter's Mate 1864; changed to Painter 1884. Re-established 1902; included in Damage Controlman 1948.

Painter 2c - Changed from Painter 1864; included in Landsman 1902; included in Damage Controlman 1948.

Painter 3c - Changed from Painter 1902; included in Damage Controlman 1948.

Painter C - Established 1943; included in Damage Controlman 1948.

Chemical Warfareman - Established 1948, disestablished and its responsibilities included in Damage Controlman in 1954.

In 1948, the Damage Controlman (DC) rating was established as a result of the consolidation of the Specialist (F) (Fire Fighters), Carpenter's Mate, Carpenter's Mate (SR) (Joiners), Carpenter's Mate (SR) (Builders), and Painter ratings. DC's do the work necessary for damage control, ship stability, firefighting, fire prevention, and chemical, biological and radiological (CBR) warfare defense. They also instruct personnel in the methods of damage control and CBR defense, and repair damage control equipment and systems.

Damage Control NECs:

NEC DC 4805 Shipboard Chemical, Biological and Radiological Defense (CBR D) Operations and Training Specialist. Conducts training for Shipboard Chemical, Biological and Radiological-Defense. Advises command on how to integrate into the normal command organization the functions necessary to prepare for, defend against, and recover from Shipboard Chemical, Biological, or Radiological involvement. Supervises/performs shipboard organizational level maintenance on CBR D equipment. Conducts formal classroom training in Shipboard CBR D courses at Training Centers and Training Groups.

NEC DC 4811 Senior Enlisted Damage Control Program Management and Training Specialist. Performs managerial and safety supervisor functions in support of Damage Control (DC), Fire Fighting (FF), and Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Defense (CBR D) programs. Performs duties as the ship's DC, FF, and CBR D subject matter expert. Responsible for shipboard DC/FF/CBR D equipment maintenance. Troubleshoots installed firefighting systems. Assists the Damage Control Assistant in organizing and training the ship's damage control and firefighting teams. Plans and evaluates DC/FF/CBR D exercises and performs as the ship's Assist Gas Free Engineer.

DAMAGE CONTROLMAN AND HULL MAINTENANCE TECHNICIAN MERGE.

Between the years of 1972 and 1988 Damage Controlman were merged into the Hull Technician rate. During this time the HT rate included all the responsibilities of the two rates. During that time there were two HT “A” schools with one in Philadelphia where the students received all the required training and the other school was split between Treasure Island (DC & CBRD) and San Diego (Welding, brazing, sheetmetal, etc.).

Hull Maintenance Technician:

Plumber and Fitter - Established 1893; disestablished 1921.

Shipfitter - Pay grades 1c and 2c established 1902; pay grades C and 3c established 1921; changed to Metalsmith and Pipefitter 1948. Re-established from Metalsmith and Pipefitter 1958.

Metalsmith - Pay grade C established 1927; pay grades 1c and 2c changed from Coppersmith 1c and 2c and Blacksmith 1c and 2c 1936; pay grade 3c established 1943.

Pipefitter - Established 1948 from the ratings of Shipfitter (SR) (Pipe Fitters and Plumbers), Shipfitter (CR) (Pipe Fitters and Plumbers), and Metalsmith (SR) (Coppersmiths); changed to Shipfitter 1958.

Hull Maintenance Technician (HT) Established 1972 -

The Hull Maintenance Technician (HT) rating's lineage stems from the Shipfitter rating that was established in 1921; branched off to the Metalsmith and Pipefitter ratings in 1948, then re-established to Shipfitter from the Metalsmith and Pipefitter ratings in 1958, later to become the rating of today.

Hull Maintenance Technicians do the metal work necessary to keep all types of shipboard structures and surfaces in good condition. They also maintain shipboard plumbing and marine sanitation systems, repair small boats, operate and maintain ballast control systems, and manage the Quality Assurance Program.

During the 1960s-1980s Treasure Island was used by the U.S. Navy for shipboard firefighting and damage control training for Hull Maintenance Technicians and other sailors. Treasure Island housed the "USS Buttercup" (in Bldg. 341 on Avenue M and 4th Street) which was a static damage control trainer that was used for real time shipboard battle damage repair and control. The Auxiliary Air Facility airfield was limited to helicopter landing pad use at Naval Airship Square on the East side of Hangar/Bldg. 3 near the Naval firehouse at Bldg. 111.Additionally, the Hull Maintenance Technician Training School Phase "A" was trained at Treasure Island for Nuclear, Biological, Radiological and Chemical Warfare Training as part of their phase "A" and phase "B" training. In 1996, Treasure Island was decommissioned.

Additional breakdown of the rates:

General Ratings. Ratings may have evolved through several names to reflect changes in skill sets.  Most of these ratings no longer exist.  

Service Ratings.  Service ratings are subspecialties under general ratings. Most of the service ratings no longer exist.

DC Damage Controlman (1948-1972) (to HT) (19??-  )

DCG  Damage Controlman Shipboard
DCP  Damage Controlman Painter
DCW  Damage Controlman Carpenter

FP  Pipefitter (1948-1958) (To SF)

FPB  Pipefitter Coppersmith
FPG  Pipefitter Shipboard
FPP  Pipefitter Plumber
FPS  Pipefitter Steamfitter

HT  Hull Technician (1972- )

 

M  Metalsmith
ME  Metalsmith

MSRB  Metalsmith Ship Repair Blacksmith
MSRC  Metalsmith Ship Repair Coppersmith
MSRF  Metalsmith Ship Repair Forgers Anglesmiths
MSRS  Metalsmith Ship Repair Sheet Metal Workers
MEB  Metalsmith Blacksmith
MEG  Metalsmith Shipboard
MES  Metalsmith Sheet Metal Worker
MEW  Metalsmith Welder

SF Shipfitter (1901-1948) (To ME and FP), (1958-?)

SFA  Shipfitter Aviation
SFCBB  Shipfitter Construction Battalion Blacksmith
SFCBM  Shipfitter Construction Battalion Mechanical Draftsman
SFCBP  Shipfitter Construction Battalion Pipefitter and Plumber
SFCBR  Shipfitter Construction Battalion Rigger
SFCBS  Shipfitter Construction Battalion Steelworker
SFCBW  Shipfitter Construction Battalion Welder
SFSRP  Shipfitter Ship Repair Pipefitter and Plumber
SFSRR  Shipfitter Ship Repair Riveters
SFSRS -Shipfitter Ship Repair Shipfitter
SFSRW  Shipfitter Ship Repair Welder
SFM  Shipfitter Metalsmith
SFP  Shipfitter Pipefitter ( -1948) (to FP)